I Received a K-1. What Is It?

Income and Investments

It’s mid-March. Nearly two months ago, you received your W-2. A short while later, the last of your 1099-INTs from your bank arrived.  Just when you thought you had all of your tax documents, you surprisingly received a corrected 1099-DIV. If you weren’t such a procrastinator, you would have filed your tax return a few weeks ago.  Good thing you hadn’t!


But the strangest thing happened today – you opened the mail and there, with your name on it, is a tax form you’ve never seen: Form K-1. You weren’t expecting it, you never received one before, and you just got it, only a month before the tax deadline.

You: What gives?

A K-1 is a tax form distributed by many partnerships, S-Corps, estates, and trusts.  If you are a general or limited partner of a partnership, a shareholder in an S-Corp, or the beneficiary of an estate or trust, you’re likely to receive a K-1.

You: But what is it?

A K-1 is just like a W-2 or other tax form.  You use the information provided on the form to accurately complete your tax return.  Except as illustrated in the opening scenario, K-1s are often distributed much later in the year than other tax forms.

You: Why do they arrive so late?

In order for the entity to send you the K-1, it first needs to complete its own tax return.

You: Huh?

For example, a partnership must prepare its taxes- its partnership tax return – before it sends out the K-1s to the partners.   The due date for most partnership tax returns is March 15. Consequently, K-1s are often received much later than other tax forms. Furthermore, like individuals, partnerships can request extensions of time to file, often until September 15.

You: So I might not receive a K-1 until after April 17, the deadline for my tax return?

Indeed, it’s not only possible, it happens routinely.

You: So how do I plan for that?

Most people who receive K-1s know they will receive them.

You: How do they know?

It’s rare to own a partnership or be a trust fund kid and not know it.

You: I suppose you’re right. So if get one of these K-1s, what would I do next?

Once you’re ready to start your tax return, collect all your tax forms, including any K-1s. If you’re using tax software, the program will tell you what you need to do with each form. TurboTax easily guides you through entering items reported on your K-1 and puts the information on your proper tax forms.

So, don’t lose too much sleep; the K-1 is, ultimately, just another form used to complete your taxes and report your income to the IRS.

Comments (103) Leave your comment

  1. I’m retired and receiving social security benefits. I receive no other income. before I retired, I invested in a company, and ended up loosing my entire investment. I recently received a K-1 form 1065, showing my losses. How will this effect my benefits if any when I file, especially since I took a loss on my investment?

  2. My partnership stock acquired another company and they sent me a k-1 1065 with a supplemental statement with and income for the stock I own and an income for the company they acquired in box 1. which one should I use or do i have to use the total?

  3. My partnership stock acquired another company and they sent me a k-1 1065 with a supplemental statement with and income for the stock I own and an income for the company they acquired in box 1. which one should I use or do i have to use the total.

  4. Hi I received a K-1 that has an amount in box 5 from when they sold my sister house who past. The lawyer said tax was already paid on this but when I add it I owe more money. Should I be making an adjustment or not including it since the lawyer said the estate paid the taxes.

  5. I have w-2 income, sch A, D and K-1’s. Pretty simple return – which is the best Turbo Tax to purchase to complete my return?

    1. Never actually purchase anything on Turbotax, if you pay for it or say no thanks, it does the exact same thing. I have been paying for years, I hit no thanks this year just to see, I did pay, everything went through, and I already have my refund.

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