You may have heard that the IRS will be sending “monthly stimulus payments” or monthly Child Tax Credit payments to some families starting in July. Here is what you need to know:
The recently passed third stimulus relief package, known as the American Rescue Plan, expanded the Child Tax Credit. Beginning with your tax year 2021 taxes (the ones filed in 2022) the age limit and the amount of the credit will be increased and it will become fully refundable – meaning you’ll be eligible for the benefits even if you don’t owe taxes.
Although this credit is for next year’s tax filings, this new provision under the American Rescue Plan allows for monthly advanced payments to those who are eligible. The IRS began sending letters to those who are eligible for the advance 2021 Child Tax Credit payments with additional details on their payments.
Eligibility will be based on information included in either your 2019 or 2020 federal income taxes or the IRS non–filers tool.
Haven’t filed your taxes yet? The IRS encourages you to file as soon as possible so that they have the latest information to determine and send your advance child tax credit.
If you don’t typically file a tax return, you can register for your monthly payment through the IRS Non-filer Sign Up Tool. Intuit helped deliver the Non-filer Sign Up Tool through participation with the Free File Alliance.
The IRS also launched two new tools to help families manage and monitor the advance monthly Child Tax Credit.
- The Child Tax Credit Eligibility Assistant: helps you understand if you are eligible for the Advance Child Tax Credit.
- The Child Tax Credit Update Portal: allows you to choose to opt out of these monthly advanced payments . Later this year, the IRS expects to allow you to notify the IRS of changes to your information like income, filing status, and qualifying children to help them decide how much you’re owed.
How much will families with children get with the new Child Tax Credit?
Starting in 2021 (the taxes you file in 2022) the plan increases the Child Tax Credit from $2,000 to:
- Up to $3,600 for each qualifying child under 6
- Up to $3,000 for each qualifying child age 6 to 17
This is the first time that families with children age 17 will be eligible for this credit.
Eligible families may receive an advance payment of up to $300 per month for each child under age 6 and up to $250 per month for each child age 6 and above. Instead of getting this credit as part of your refund in 2022, these payments are sent in advance and represent a portion of the tax year 2021 Child Tax Credit.
The IRS will also be sending letters to help you understand everything you need to know about upcoming payments.
You can also check if you qualify for the credit and payments by answering a series of questions using the Child Tax Credit Eligibility Assistance Tool.
When Will the Advance 2021 Child Tax Credit Payments Start?
Monthly payments will begin on July 15, 2021, and will be sent out through direct deposit, paper check, or debit cards.
IRS payments schedule:
- July 15
- August 13
- September 15
- October 15
- November 15
- December 15
Will this affect my tax refund next year?
If you are receiving these monthly payments, your tax refund next year will likely look smaller.
This is an advance on your CTC credit. That means you are receiving part of the credit you would have received on your 2021 tax return now and your tax refund next year will not include the full amount of the credit.
If you would prefer to receive the full amount of the credit on your tax refund instead of as monthly payments, the IRS Child Tax Credit Update Portal enables anyone who has been determined to be eligible to opt out of the advance payment program.
Who is eligible to get the new expanded Child Tax Credit?
You may be eligible for the full amount of the credit if you have an eligible child and meet one of the following qualifications:
- Parents with a single filing status or married filing separately making up to $75,000 a year,
- Parents filing married filing jointly or a parent filing as a surviving spouse, earning up to $150,000 a year,
- Parents filing as head of household earning up to $112,500
If you have income above these amounts, the credit will be reduced by $50 for each $1,000 that your Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) exceeds these thresholds.
For example, a couple using the filing status married filing jointly with a child between the age of 6 to 17 and earning $160,000 would still receive the CTC credit but $500 ($10,000/$1000 x $50 = $500) would be phased out.
Families who are not eligible for the expanded $3,000 or $3,600 credit because they earn higher than the modified adjusted gross income mentioned above may still be able to claim the Child Tax Credit up to $2,000 under the existing tax provision for each qualifying child under 17. This credit amount is still available to individuals earning up to $200,000 or married couples filing jointly earning up to $400,000.
What do I need to do to claim the new expanded Child Tax Credit?
Most families don’t need to do anything to be eligible for the monthly payments.
The IRS will likely determine eligibility based on your most recent processed tax filing. If you have not filed your 2020 or 2019 taxes yet you are encouraged to file them so the IRS has the most up to date information to determine eligibility.
The IRS states that tax returns must be processed by June 28, to be included in the first batch of monthly payments scheduled for July 15. If you are just filing your taxes you may receive payments in the following months. If your monthly payments begin after July, the IRS states they will adjust the monthly amounts upward so that you receive half of the total 2021 Child Tax Credit by the end of the year.
What if I Don’t Normally File a Return? How do I Receive Advance Child Tax Credit?
The IRS just launched the Non-filer Sign Up Tool designed to help eligible families who don’t usually file tax returns register for the monthly Advanced Child Care Credit payments, scheduled to begin on July 15. Intuit helped deliver the Non-filer Sign Up Tool through participation with the Free File Alliance to provide an easy, free way for individuals who don’t have an income tax return-filing obligation to provide the IRS the basic information needed—name, address, and Social Security numbers—to figure and issue their Advance Child Tax Credit payments.
Will I be required to pay this credit back?
These monthly payments are an advance of your 2021 Child Tax Credit (CTC) – which you would typically receive in your tax refund. The advanced monthly payments will be reconciled on your 2021 tax year return (the taxes you file in 2022). This means that if something changed in your tax situation this year (like your income and/or dependents) you may see a change in your tax refund next year.
What does this mean:
- If you were eligible for a higher credit amount you will receive additional dollars in the form of the credit on your 2021 tax return.
- If you received too much, you could see your refund go down to pay back any overpayment based on your actual 2021 information when you file your taxes.
Don’t worry about knowing how to reconcile your advanced Child Tax Credit. TurboTax will be up to date with the latest tax laws and will guide you through reconciling the advanced Child Tax Credit.
Can I opt out of the advance payment program?
The IRS launched a Child Tax Credit Update Portal that allows you to unenroll or opt out of these monthly advance payments. Later this year, the CTC Update Portal will allow people to check on the status of their payments, make updates to their information, and will be available in Spanish.
What about families abroad?
The American Rescue Plan extends the Child Tax Credit to U.S. territories. This allows families in Puerto Rico, including those with fewer than three children, to benefit from the credit by filing directly with the IRS.
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