Did you know that Earth Day 2020 marks Earth Day’s 50th anniversary and this year’s theme is climate action?
Taxes may not be the first thought when you think about the environment, but it’s important to highlight the benefits of some environmental taxes and credits such as gasoline tax by state or the nonbusiness energy property credit.
One way we can approach climate action is by reducing our carbon footprints. We thought it would be timely to see if there is a correlation between the gasoline tax rate by state and our carbon footprint by state, as well as explore what environmental choices we can make for our home lives in recognition of Earth Day 2020.
States With The Highest Gasoline Taxes
Gasoline taxes vary widely from state to state, as well as the variance between per-gallon prices in different areas.
Here are the ten states with the highest gas taxes (combining both the 18.4 cents federal tax and the individual state tax) in 2019:
- California: 61.2 cents/gal
- Pennsylvania: 58.7 cents/gal
- Illinois: 54.98 cents/gal
- Washington: 49.4 cents/gal
- Hawaii: 48.25 cents/gal
- Indiana: 46.62 cents/gal
- New York: 45.96 cents/gal
- Michigan: 42.48 cents/gal
- Connecticut: 42.11 cents/gal
- Florida: 41.99 cents/gal
States With The Lowest Gasoline Taxes
Here are the ten states with the lowest cumulative gasoline prices:
- Alabama: 21.21 cents/gal
- South Carolina: 20.75 cents/gal
- Louisiana: 20.01 cents/gal
- Texas: 20.0 cents/gal
- Oklahoma: 20.0 cents/gal
- Arizona: 19.0 cents/gal
- New Mexico: 18.88 cents/gal
- Mississippi: 18.4 cents/gal
- Missouri: 17.42 cents/gal
- Alaska: 14.66 cents/gal
Most Cumulative Emissions
Citizens and environmental scholars often wonder if high gasoline taxes actually discourage driving and make a visible dent in a state’s carbon footprint. Evidence is inconclusive, but we can look to the states with the highest and lowest cumulative emissions for clues.
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the following ten states had the most energy-related carbon dioxide emissions (as of 2016): Texas, California, Florida, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, New York, Michigan.
Lowest Cumulative Emissions
The same study identified the following ten states as having the lowest emissions: District of Columbia, Vermont, Rhode Island, Delaware, New Hampshire, South Dakota, Maine, Idaho, Hawaii, Montana.
While 60 percent of the states with the highest gasoline tax also appear on the list for most cumulative emissions, none of the states with the lowest gasoline tax appear on the list with the lowest cumulative emissions. Given these results, it’s hard to conclude that there is a direct correlation between gasoline taxes and carbon footprints. Moreover, gasoline tax revenues are not idealistically set aside for transport purposes, but rather, spent broadly across state needs.
Electric Cars and Credits
There’s good news if you’ve purchased a fully electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle… The good news is in the amount of up to a $7,500 tax credit. Meaning that when you drive green, the IRS wants to give you back some green — the IRS extended the tax credit for qualified electric plug-in vehicles through 2020.
Federal Tax Credits for Qualified Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles cover vehicles that were manufactured by a certified car maker, not vehicles that have been converted to electric or hybrids. And although golf carts and go-karts are fun, this credit won’t cover those types of vehicles.
The amount of credit you’re eligible for will depend on the gross vehicle weight rating, fuel economy, the manufacturer and make of the electric car you purchased. If you purchased an electric car in 2019 don’t forget to claim it on your taxes. A credit of up to $7,500 can mean huge tax savings, especially since tax credits save you dollar for dollar on your taxes.
For a full list of credit amounts and requirements, you can visit the IRS index to manufacturers webpage.
Incentives for Energy Efficiency in Your Home
We all know that turning off the lights when you leave a room can add up to big savings on your electric bill and keeping a pulse on the thermostat during the summer and winter months can also make a large impact.
But, let’s think bigger! It might be time to consider renewable home energy systems as your next step in living a more earth-conscious lifestyle — nothing says green like renewable energy! And thanks to Uncle Sam, you can save plenty of green with some hefty energy-efficient tax incentives for your home as well.
Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit
Under the Taxpayer Certainty and Disaster Tax Relief Act of 2019, the Non-business Energy Property Credit was extended through December 31, 2020.
If you made energy-efficient improvements to your home (including the addition of energy-saving roofs, windows, skylights, doors, etc.) in 2019, you will still be able to claim the non-business energy property credit for 10 percent of amounts paid for qualified energy efficiency improvements up to a lifetime cap of $500 or in fixed dollar amounts ranging from $50 to $300 for energy-efficient property such as furnaces, boilers, biomass stoves, heat pumps, water heaters, central air conditioners and circulating fans. However, to get the credit, the energy system must be for your primary residence – rental properties cannot claim this credit.
Purchases and installations that allow you to claim the Non-Business Energy Property Credit include high efficiency:
- Heating Equipment
- Cooling Equipment
- Water Heater
- Heat-Reducing Roof Materials
- Biomass Stoves
- Attic and Whole House Fans
Residential Energy Efficient Property Credit
If you installed residential solar energy systems, solar fuel cells, and wind turbine systems in your home in 2019, you may be able to take the Residential Energy Efficient Property Credit which is 30% of the cost for your renewable energy improvements.
Both principal residences and second homes qualify, but rentals do not qualify.
In addition to environmental taxes and credits, there are a few lifestyle choices we can make now to make our homes more environmentally conscious:
Start a Home Garden to Reduce Waste
The great news is that pretty much everybody can have a garden (even if you think you have a black thumb).
The key is knowing your garden spot and your skill level. Container gardens are a fantastic way to start as you have a lot of control over the soil. And if you’ve never gardened before, choose easy to maintain plants like herbs and peppers.
If you really want to expand, set aside a spot in your front or back yard and prep this week after work. You can then grab some seedlings and plant them this weekend. If you are more ambitious, you can start with seeds indoors and then transplant them when they are stronger and can resist pests.
Gardens are not only a fun way to relax, but they can save you some money in the long run. Rather than buying bags of mixed greens every week, you can pick exactly what you need minutes before you eat and you’ll also avoid the food waste that can come with all those plastic bags from the grocery store!
Composting: Reuse Your Kitchen Scraps
Want to make your veggie garden really shine? How do you find fantastic organic material to feed your plants and build up your soil?
Create your own rich compost by saving your kitchen scraps (minus dairy and meat) and start a compost pile or bin outside in the backyard. If you’re limited on space due to apartment or condo living, you can still create a micro one right under your sink!
When you mix the scraps with coffee grinds, you can develop some fantastic material. Keep in mind that a healthy compost pile will have a nice earthy smell as it breaks down. Not only do you reduce waste by creating your own compost pile, but you can also garner big savings by not having to buy pricier organic fertilizer and soil builders at the store.
Speaking of kitchen scraps, since you’re already going green and reducing waste by composting, reduce your trash even further by recycling. Stash away those bottles, cartons, and amazon boxes (we all know you have them) for recycling instead of tossing them into the garbage bin.
Recycling may have been a harder habit to adopt at first, but it’s now become second-nature to us. It’s now not unusual for garbage bins to take close to three weeks to fill, compared to a weekly fill for recycling!
Even though we cannot celebrate the Earth outside in large groups this year, there are many creative ways we can go green and show our appreciation and respect for the environment, while also saving money!
TurboTax Has You Covered
Still need to file your 2019 taxes? If you made any energy-efficient improvements last year, don’t worry about knowing how to figure out energy tax credits. TurboTax will figure them out for you and give you the tax credits you deserve for going green based on your entries.
If you have questions, you can connect live via one-way video to a TurboTax Live CPA or Enrolled Agent with an average of 15 years experience to get your tax questions answered. TurboTax Live CPAs and Enrolled Agents are available in English and Spanish, year-round, and can also review sign and file your tax return.